TMS undertook a comprehensive route study collision investigation of the dual carriageway section of the A45 through the Small Heath and Yardley area of Birmingham, on behalf of Birmingham City Council.
The investigation concentrated on reported pedestrian injury collisions, of which there were 17 in a recent 5 year period. Whilst the numbers were not particularly high given the length of road – 1.5 miles – the severity of the collisions was high. The 17 pedestrian collisions comprised 7 serious injuries and 4 fatals, significantly higher than the remainder of the A45, and higher than other Birmingham dual carriageways.
Ten of the 17 collisions occurred in hours of darkness, and 14 took place at traffic signal junctions or light controlled pedestrian crossings. Six involved drivers undertaking “illegal” driving activity at the time of the collision. Given the nature of these collisions it is not surprising that the 85%ile speeds were recorded around 40mph, consistent with the current speed limit.
TMS has provided Birmingham City Council with a series of both short term and medium to long term recommendations – designed to reduce both the frequency and severity of collisions along this section of road.
The photo to the left shows the A45 dual carriageway at one of the many pelican crossing facilities along the route. The study showed that facilities of this type have experienced a high severity pedestrian collision risk along the route.